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Infectious Diseases

Cindy Sheffield

Cindy began her library career at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions with a focus on Evidenced Based Medicine. She progressed in roles while serving the Welch Medical Library, leaving Hopkins as the Associate Director of Education Services. Cindy went on to work at several federal agencies including the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Health and Human Services.



Clinical Information

State Statistics

Preformulated Searches: Zika

  • Google search
  • PubMed/MEDLINE search
    Journal articles on Zika using search string (zika[tiab] AND English[la]). These are limited to English language articles only. Remove the English[la] part to retrieve articles in other languages.
  • PRo-MED mail
    Link to PRo-MED. Can limit under "Hot Topics" to Zika.
  • Science: Zika collection
    Collection of news and research from Science and other sources curated by Science magazine.
  • NY Times Zika

Data Sharing Protocols, Forms, Data, Genomics, etc.

See: Benefits of sharingNature, 2016 February 10. A swift and effective response to emerging infectious diseases demands that researchers have ready access to the latest data on the pathogens responsible.

  • GISAID (Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data)
    The purpose of this collaboration is to pool all available sequence data (and accompanying information) on clade 2.3.4 H5N8 and related H5 viruses from outbreaks around the world, perform an in-depth global phylogeographic analysis and publish the conclusions within a short time frame.
  • ISARIC (International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium)
    global initiative aiming to ensure that clinical researchers have the open access protocols and data-sharing processes needed to facilitate a rapid response to emerging diseases that may turn into epidemics or pandemics.
  • ISARIC: Protocols & Data
    Protocols, Informed Consent Forms, Case Report Forms, Standard Operating Procedures, training materials and other research tools are available to support implementation of the research. Developed as a collaboration between ISARIC and the WHO, these case report forms collect the most critical and informative data for emerging infections.
  • Virological.org
    A multidisciplinary forum for scientists interested in the genomics and evolutionary analysis of viruses and will address the fundamental questions of viral origins, transmission and pathogenesis.

Reports: Zika

Free Online Resources: Zika

  • Zika virus resource center: Elsevier
    The Lancet Zika virus resource centre brings together the best evidence from across The Lancet family of journals—offered with free access—to assist researchers, policy makers, and health workers, in understanding the effects of the outbreak and how best to respond.
  • Zika resources: Science
    News, research & journal articles from Science and other sources compiled by Science.
  • Zika resources list: NLM
    Comprehensive collection of links to multiple sources of information on Zika.
  • Emerging Viruses, Virus Discovery and Virus Characterization
    Links & research curated by Ian M Mackay, PhD.
  • Special collection: Aedes aegypti and Zika virus research
    Oxford University Press has curated a collection of articles on the virus and its carrier, the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti), also the primary vector of yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya. These articles are freely available to assist researchers, medical professionals, policy makers and others working on management of Aedes aegypti and the Zika virus crisis.

Brazil Info: Ministry of Health & Newspapers

Relevant Links

Twitter: #Zika

Yellow Fever


Winning the War Against Yellow Fever (WHO)
Four months have passed without a single case of yellow fever related to the outbreak in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, thanks to the joint response activities of national health authorities, local health workers, WHO and partners.

A Multicomponent Animal Virus Isolated from Mosquitoes
RNA viruses exhibit a variety of genome organization strategies, including multicomponent genomes in which each segment is packaged separately. Although multicomponent genomes are common among viruses infecting plants and fungi, their prevalence among those infecting animals remains unclear. We characterize a multicomponent RNA virus isolated from mosquitoes, designated Guaico Culex virus (GCXV). GCXV belongs to a diverse clade of segmented viruses (Jingmenvirus) related to the prototypically unsegmented Flaviviridae. The GCXV genome comprises five segments, each of which appears to be separately packaged. The smallest segment is not required for replication, and its presence is variable in natural infections. We also describe a variant of Jingmen tick virus, another Jingmenvirus, sequenced from a Ugandan red colobus monkey, thus expanding the host range of this segmented and likely multicomponent virus group. Collectively, this study provides evidence for the existence of multicomponent animal viruses and their potential relevance for animal and human health.

New Virus Breaks The Rules Of Infection
NPR Goats & Soda blog post about the Cell Host & Microbe study just published. 

Yellow Fever Vaccine Shortages & Fractional Dosing Information

Yellow Fever Vaccine Information

Preformulated Yellow Fever Searches

Key Journals Publishing on Yellow Fever

Angola Info: Ministry of Health & Newspapers

CDC: Yellow Fever

WHO: Yellow Fever

Reports on Zika

Funded Research on Yellow Fever

Areas at Risk Yellow Fever in Americas

A map of South America showing areas at risk for Yellow Fever Transmission in Columbia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Paraguay, and parts of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, and Uruguaymap depicting areas of risk for yellow fever in South America

Clinical Trials

Yellow Fever Online Resources


New Articles

Preformulated MERS-CoV Searches

  • Google search
    (MERS OR coronavirus OR "middle east respiratory syndrome")
  • PubMed/MEDLINE search
    New journal articles on MERS using search string ("severe acute respiratory syndrome"[MeSH Terms] OR "severe acute respiratory syndrome"[All Fields] OR "mers"[All Fields] OR "coronavirus"[MeSH Terms] OR "coronavirus"[All Fields] OR "middle east respiratory syndrome"[All Fields])
  • Eureka Alert: MERS
    Search for MERS from EurekaAlert a source for funding announcements, new research, press releases etc. related to science & bio-medicine.
  • Science: MERS
    New posts at Science tagged with MERS.
  • ProMED mail
    Link to PRo-MED. Can limit under "Hot Topics" to MERS.

Key Journals Publishing on MERS-CoV

Images of MERS-CoV

View images of MERS-CoV from the National Institute on Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).



South Korea Info: Ministry of Health & Welfare & Newspapers

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health

Twitter: #MERS-CoV



Preformulated Influenza Literature Searches

Preformulated searches for PubMed/MEDLINE for the topics indicated by the hyperlinks. These are not limited by language, type of article, or publication date. Click on the URL to see all results for the search strategy in PubMed/MEDLINE.

Contact Alicia Livinski if you would like to suggest changes or edits to the search strategies, or add a new search.

Key Journals Publishing on Influenza

EID & Influenza Meetings & Events

Eurpoean Medicine Agency

Vaccines for pandemic influenza
Information on the authorisation and use of vaccines against pandemic influenza.

[Related RSS feeds go here]

Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration

[Related RSS feeds go here]

Clinical Trials



Preformated Searches: Ebola

PubMed: Post-Ebola Syndrome
PubMed search: Articles on complications experienced by Ebola survivors.

Key Journals Publishing on Ebola

Treatment Information

Information for Hospitals

Social & Behavior Change

Ebola: A Behavior-Driven Crisis
Social and behavior change communication (SBCC) uses communication to change behaviors by positively influencing knowledge, attitudes and social norms. Research shows that SBCC works and has been effective in a variety of health areas, such as HIV and family planning. Here we show its impact on emerging pathogens - in particular Ebola.

PPE Research & Information: Ebola

Selcen, KF. A review of isolation gowns in healthcare: Fabric and gown properties. (2015) Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 10(3), pp. 180-190. 

WHO: Ebola

CDC: Ebola

Clinical Trials

Funded Research: Ebola

Images: Ebola

CDC: Ebola virus ecology


Alicia Livinski

Alicia Livinski joined the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Library in 2007. Alicia supports the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) and the Office of Global Affairs (OGA) within the Office of the Secretary, and the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Immediate Office of the Secretary, and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

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