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Medical Devices, Accessories, Components, and Parts During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Personal protective equipment (PPE) includes protective clothing, gowns, gloves, face shields, goggles, face masks, and respirators or other equipment designed to protect the wearer from injury or the spread of infection or illness. While it is possible to use 3D printing to make certain PPE, there are technical challenges that have to be overcome to be effective enough. 3D-printed PPE can be used to provide a physical barrier to the environment. However, 3D-printed PPE are unlikely to provide the same fluid barrier and air filtration protection as FDA-cleared surgical masks and N95 respirators.
3D Printing for COVID-19 Response at MIT - This document outlines associated risks with using 3D printing for COVID-related medical devices and PPE.
3D Printing of Medical Equipment Can Help in the Pandemic - but Is Only a Stopgap from The Pew Charitable Trust
Public-Private Partnership to Coordinate on Open-source Medical Products for the COVID-19 Response
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Veterans Health Administration (VA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and America Makes are partnering to coordinate the additive manufacturing response to Coronavirus.
The FDA is striving to facilitate the use of 3D printing and other advanced manufacturing technology to bring PPE and other needed medical device parts to healthcare organizations through emergency use authorization.
- The NIH 3D Print Exchange is providing access to a collection of design files for sharing with the community.
- The Veterans Health Administration is leading a process to review protective equipment and other devices in demand for the COVID-19 crisis. Prototypes that meet applicable standards will be designated as "Clinically Reviewed."
- America Makes is a large public-private partnership with members that span many different 3D printing industries. They have created an online repository to connect the capabilities of the additive manufacturing industry with specific needs of health care providers.
Members of the collaboration will work continuously to evaluate 3D printable parts and other improvised designs for their effectiveness and identify several designs that are likely to be the most useful for healthcare providers and patients in shortage situations. For more information, view COVID-19 Supply Chain Response: Frequently Asked Questions.
Printing Materials and Sterilization
ASTM International is providing no-cost public access to important ASTM standards used in the production and testing of personal protective equipment.
The Biomedical Library at the University of Pennsylvania is working with the Penn Health Tech Rapid Response Team to create face shields, masks, and ventilators.
Stony Brook University is producing face shields with partners on Long Island.
COVID-19 Response Projects from the Stanford BioEngineering Prakash Lab
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Provenzano, D.; Rao, Y.J.; Mitic, K.; Obaid, S.N.; Pierce, D.; Huckenpahler, J.; Berger, J.; Goyal, S.; Loew, M.H. Rapid Prototyping of Reusable 3D-Printed N95 Equivalent Respirators at the George Washington University. Preprints 2020, 2020030444 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0444.v1). https://www.preprints.org/manuscript/202003.0444/v1
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Verbeek, J. H., Ijaz, S., Mischke, C., Ruotsalainen, J. H., Mäkelä, E., Neuvonen, K., Edmond, M. B., Sauni, R., Kilinc Balci, F. S., & Mihalache, R. C. (2016). Personal protective equipment for preventing highly infectious diseases due to exposure to contaminated body fluids in healthcare staff. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4, CD011621. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011621.pub2
Vordos, N., D. A. Gkika, et al. (2020). "How 3D printing and social media tackles the PPE shortage during Covid – 19 pandemic." Safety Science 130: 104870. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925753520302678
Last modified date: Fri, 08/07/2020 - 8:54am